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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Modification

A Federal government action, including new legislation or administrative action, that directly or indirectly alters the estimated subsidy cost and the present value of outstanding direct loans (or direct loan obligations) or the liability of loan guarantees (or loan guarantee commitments). Direct modifications are such actions that change the subsidy cost by altering the terms of existing contracts, selling loan assets, and purchasing loans under guarantee from a private lender. Indirect modifications change the subsidy cost by legislation that alters the way in which an outstanding portfolio of direct loans or loan guarantees is administered (According to OMB Circular A-11, the term modification does not include a Government action that is assumed in the baseline cost estimate, as long as the assumption is documented and has been approved by OMB. For example, modification does not include routine administrative workouts of troubled loans or loans in imminent default, and the borrower's or the Government's exercise of an option that is permitted within the terms of an existing contract, such as prepaying the loan. OMB Circular A-11, sec. 85.3 (n). July 1999) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 623).

Modification Adjustment Transfer

A non-expenditure transfer from a financing account to the Treasury, or vice versa, to offset the difference between the cost of modification of direct loans (or loan guarantees) and the change in the book value of direct loans (or loan guarantee liabilities) (OMB Circular A-11) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 623).

Monthly Purchase Limit

The total dollar amount a Purchase Cardholder may spend monthly using his or her Purchase Card (USAID Worldwide Purchase Card Program Manual, A Mandatory Reference for ADS Chapter 331).

Mortgage

A claim on future resources. The difference between the total planned level of funding for assistance objectives and the cumulative total amount of funds obligated to a particular Program Area, assistance objective, project, or activity (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 202, 602).

Most Efficient Organization (Meo)

The staffing plan of the agency tender, developed to represent the agency's most efficient and cost-effective organization. An MEO is required for a standard competition and may include a mix of government personnel, and MEO subcontracts (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 104).

Motor Vehicle

Any vehicle powered by liquid fuel (such as gasoline or diesel fuel) an alternative fuel (such as ethanol, methanol, or natural gas) or electrical energy that is designed to operate on highways carrying passengers or cargo (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 536).

Motor Vehicles

Self-propelled vehicles with passenger carriage capacity, such as highway trucks, passenger cars and buses, motorcycles, scooters, motorized bicycles and utility vehicles. Excluded from this definition are industrial vehicles for materials handling and earthmoving, such as lift trucks, tractors, graders, scrapers, and off-highway trucks (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 312). For USAID: a motor vehicle owned by the employee or a member of the employee's family who is authorized to travel to post, of a type used for private conveyance of passengers by land (6 FAM-111.3) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 522, 523, 524, and 525).

Moved Involuntarily

See 5 CFR Sec. 531.202 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 471).

Moving Average

An inventory costing method used in conjunction with a perpetual inventory system. A weighted average cost per unit is recomputed after every purchase (source: SFFAS 3) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 629).

Multi-Country Mission

Multi-country Missions are established to either administer USAID programs and services involving several overseas countries, including an in-country program, or to only provide regional services to other overseas organizations (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 102).

Multiple-Year Appropriation

An appropriation that is available for obligation for a definite period of time in excess of one fiscal year (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 634).

Multisector Program Assistance

Multisector program assistance includes support for projects that straddle several sectors and covers only those actions that cannot be identified with a specific sector (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 221).

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