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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Microenterprise

A very small enterprise owned and operated by poor people, usually in the informal sector. For USAID program purposes, the term is restricted to enterprises with 10 or fewer workers, including the microentrepreneur and any unpaid family workers (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 219).

Microenterprise Development

Any activity undertaken by donors, host-country governments, or non-government organizations to improve the lives of poor people by encouraging the formation of microenterprises and - or the improved performance of existing microenterprises. Also, the overall process of improvement in the performance of microenterprises (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 219).

Microentrepreneur

The owner-operator of a microenterprise (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 219).

Microfinance

The provision of financial services adapted to the needs of low income people such as microentrepreneurs, especially the provision of small loans, the acceptance of small savings deposits, and simple payments services needed by microentrepreneurs and other poor people (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 219).

Microfinance Institution - Organization

An organization whose activities consist wholly or in significant part of the provision of financial services to microentrepreneurs. Abbreviated MFI or MFO (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 219).

Mid-Cycle Review

A mandatory progress review to be held by the Rating Official and employee at the mid-point in the appraisal period (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 461, 462).

Military Post Facilities

A postal facility installed by the Department of Defense at one of its bases, domestically or overseas (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 513).

Minimal Additional Expense

Minimal additional expense means that employee's personal use of government office equipment is limited to those situations where the government is already providing equipment or services and the employee's use of such equipment or services will not result in any additional expense to the government or the use will result in only normal wear and tear or the use of small amounts of electricity, ink, toner, or paper. Examples of minimal additional expenses include, making a few photocopies, using a computer printer to printout a few pages of material, making occasional brief personal phone calls (within Agency policy and 41 CFR 101-35.201) infrequently sending personal e-mail messages, or limited use of the Internet for personal reasons (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 541).

Minimize

A telegram control procedure imposed during emergency conditions (i.e local civil disorders. communications circuit failures. natural disasters). To reduce the volume of traffic not related to the emergency and to avoid overloading the communications facilities and personnel capabilities of the Department and the affected post(s). A current list of posts that are on MINIMIZE is maintained at the Communications Center. To find out what is on MINIMIZE call (202) 712-5981 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 549).

Minimum Appraisal Period

The minimum performance period that must be completed before a performance rating can be given (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 461, 462).

Minimum Retirement Age

The earliest age an employee covered under a retirement system may retire (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 494).

Minor Donor

USAID is a minor donor to a multi-donor project when USAID does not control the planning or design of the multi-donor project and either (i). USAID's total contribution to the project is both less than $1,000,000 and less than 25 percent of the estimated project cost, or (ii). USAID's total contribution is more than $1,000,000 but less than 25 percent of the estimated project cost and the environmental procedures of the donor in control of the planning of design of the project are followed, but only if the USAID Environmental Coordinator determines that such procedures are adequate (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 204).

Minor Improvements

Alterations to real property that will increase the value of the property or improve or change its utility, and that generally cost less than $500,000. Some examples of this are room additions, paving (not repaving) for a parking area or road, and converting storage space to office or other use (FAM06-0700) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 535).

Minority-Owned Bank

A bank that is owned at least 50 percent by minority group members (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 636).

Minority-Serving Institutions

Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs) and Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 321).

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