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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Commuting Area

Commuting area is the geographic area that is normally considered one area for recruitment and employment purposes. It includes any population center (or two or more neighboring ones) and the surrounding localities where people live and reasonably can be expected to travel back and forth daily to their usual employment (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 418, 467).

Compartmented

The breaking down of sensitive data into small, isolated blocks to reduce the risk of unauthorized access (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 545, 552).

Compensation

Nontaxable benefits, including money paid due to loss of wages, medical expenses, rehabilitation expenses, loss of use of major body functions, and death benefits, payable under the FECA (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 442).

Compensatory Time Off At Certain Posts In Foreign Areas

See STR 800 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 477).

Competency Gaps

The gap identified by comparing the projected and actual availability of mission-critical competencies and projected and actual demand for the competencies. Identification of current or future gaps typically will include size, composition, and proficiency level of the current and desired workforce (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 401).

Competing Employee

An employee in tenure groups I, II, or III (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 452).

Competition

A formal evaluation of sources to provide a commercial activity that uses pre-established rules. Competitions between private sector sources are performed in accordance with the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). Competitions between agency, private sector, and public reimbursable sources are performed in accordance with the FAR and OMB Circular A-76. The term competition includes streamlined and standard competitions performed in accordance with Circular A-76 and FAR-based competitions for agency-performed activities, contracted services, new requirements, expansions of existing work, and activities performed under fee-for-service agreements. The term also includes cost comparisons, streamlined cost comparisons, and direct conversions performed under previous versions of OMB Circular A-76 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 104).

Competition Advocate

An individual charged by FAR 6.5 and AIDAR 706.5 with promoting full and open competition. The Agency competition advocate is the Deputy Director in the Office of Procurement (M - OP) responsible for Policy, Evaluation and Support, or his - her designee. For Washington contracting activities it is the Deputy Director in the Office of Procurement responsible for operations. For Missions it is the Deputy Mission Director, or the Mission Director where there is not a Deputy (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 305).

Competition Officials

The agency officials appointed before a standard competition is announced who perform key roles and have essential responsibilities for the successful completion of the standard competition. Competition officials are the Agency Tender Official, Contracting Officer, Source Selection Authority, Human Resource Advisor, and Performance Work Statement (PWS). Team leader (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 104).

Competitive Area

The organizational unit(s) or subdivision and geographical location within the Agency in which employees compete for retention under RIF procedures. Separate competitive areas are established for each bureau or equivalent organization listed in the USAID Competitive Areas mandatory reference. Employees in a competitive area compete only with each other. They do not compete with employees in another competitive area (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 452, 454, and 455).

Competitive Level

A grouping of all positions within a competitive area which are in the same grade (or occupational level) and classification series, and which are similar enough in duties, qualification requirements, pay schedule, and working conditions so that reassignment of one employee to any other position within that level may occur without undue interruption (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 452). All positions in the competitive area that are sufficiently alike in qualifications, requirements, duties, and responsibilities that the incumbent of one position must be considered able to perform the duties of another position in the competitive level with minimal interruption to the work of the Agency (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 455). All FS employees in the same service category (SFS or FS) the same salary class (e.g., FO - FP-1, FO - FP-2, FE-OC, FE-MC) and the same Primary Skill Code (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 454). See ADS 452 and ADS 454 for Civil Service and Foreign Service definitions (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 452, 453, 454, 455).

Competitive Service

Consists of all civil service positions in the executive branch, except positions which are specifically excepted from the competitive service by or under statute. positions to which appointments are made by nomination for confirmation by the Senate, unless the Senate otherwise directs. positions in the Senior Executive Service. positions in the District of Columbia which are specifically included in the competitive service by statute (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 412). Federal positions normally filled through open competitive examination under civil service rules and regulations (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 413). Federal positions normally filled through open competitive examination under civil service rules and regulations. About 60 percent of all Federal positions are in the competitive service (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 418).

Competitive Sourcing Official (Cso)

An inherently governmental agency official responsible for the implementation of Circular A-76 within USAID (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 104).

Competitive Status

Basic eligibility of a person to be selected to fill a position in the competitive service without open competitive examination. Competitive status may be acquired by career-conditional or career appointment through open competitive examination, or may be granted by statute, executive order, or civil service rules without competitive examination. A person with competitive status may be promoted, transferred, reassigned, reinstated, or demoted subject to the conditions prescribed by civil service rules and regulations (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 413 and 418).

Compiler

A program that reads source code, translates it into machine language, and writes the machine language to binary (object). code that can be directly loaded and executed.

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