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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Availability

That state when information, programs, and interfaces are obtainable within an acceptable period of time (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 545).

Award

Financial assistance that provides support or stimulation to accomplish a public purpose. Awards include grants and cooperative agreements (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 303). Something bestowed or an action taken to recognize and reward individual or group achievement that contributes to meeting organizational goals or improving the efficiency, effectiveness, and economy of the Government or is otherwise in the public interest. Such awards include, but are not limited to, employee incentives that are based on predetermined criteria such as productivity standards, performance goals, measurement systems, award formulas, or payout schedules (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 491). An award means financial assistance that provides support or stimulation to accomplish a public purpose. Awards include grants, cooperative agreements and other agreements in the form of money or property in lieu of money, by the Federal Government to an eligible recipient. The term does not include: technical assistance, which provides services instead of money. other assistance in the form of loans, loan guarantees, interest subsidies, or insurance, and, contracts which are required to be entered into and administered under procurement laws and regulations (22 CFR 226.2) (303sai, Profit Under USAID Assistance Instuments, An Additional Help Document for ADS Chapter 303).

Awareness, Training And Education

Awareness activities increase staff understanding of the importance of security and the adverse consequences of its failure. Training activities teach staff the skills to enable them to perform their jobs more effectively. Educational activities are more in-depth than training. {Source: NIST SP 800-12} (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 545).

Backstop

Numeric code used to identify the skill category of a particular position (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 415).

Baggage

Official and personal property needed by the traveler for use en route or immediately upon arrival at destination (6 FAM-111.3) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 522, 523, 524, and 525).

Balance Of Payments Support

Resource flows in Development Assistance Committee (DAC) statistics are measured, as a rule, on a cash basis (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 221).

Ballistic Resistance

The capacity of security barriers to defeat a variety of handgun, shotgun and rifle rounds (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 562, 563).

Bandwidth

A channelized frequency-modulation technique used for two-way mobile radios. Currently there are two standards being used, 12.5 Khz and 25 Khz bandwidth. Bandwidth can also mean a range within a band of wavelengths, frequencies or energy (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 564).

Bank Letter Of Commitment

A USAID agreement with a U. S. bank under which USAID guarantees to reimburse the bank for the account of an approved applicant for all amounts paid by the bank and chargeable to the account under the instructions of the approved applicant and in accordance with general and specific conditions established by USAID (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 630).

Bank Letter Of Credit

An instrument of credit extended by a bank to a beneficiary guaranteeing payments to the beneficiary upon compliance with the terms and conditions established by the letter of credit (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 630).

Bankruptcy

Is a legal procedure for dealing with debt problems of individuals and businesses. specifically, a court case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code (Bankruptcy Code) (TFM - DMS Managing Federal Receivables) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 625).

Base Station

A fixed radio which may include a separate power supply and is not normally intended for portable use (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 562).

Base Year

The fiscal year in which a life cycle cost analysis is conducted (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 528).

Baseline

(See Performance Baseline) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 200-203).

Basic Qualification Standards

The standards, prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management (USOPM) in the Operating Manual for Qualifications Standards for General Schedule Positions, used to determine basic qualifications of applicants for a specific position (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 418).

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