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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
U.S. Citizen Resident Appointment

A U.S. citizen living abroad who is not an American Family Member (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 450, 470).

U.S. Flag Air Carrier

One of a class of air carriers holding a certificate under Section 401 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (49 U.S.C. 1371) authorizing operations between the U.S, or its territories and one or more foreign countries (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 314).

U.S. Flag Vessel

A U.S. Government-owned vessel or a privately owned U.S. flag (U.S. registered). commercial vessel (See also the definition of privately owned U.S. flag commercial vessel) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 314).

U.S. General Accounting Office Standards (Yellow Book)

The standards, issued by the Comptroller General of the United States, for audit of Government organizations, programs, activities, and functions, and of Government assistance received by contractors, nonprofit organizations, and other non-governmental organizations (See also Generally Accepted Government Auditing Standards and Government Auditing Standards) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 592).

U.S. Private Voluntary Organization (U.S. Pvo)

A non-governmental entity organized under the laws of the United States and headquartered in the United States that solicits and receives cash contributions from the U.S. general public. Is a charitable organization in that it is nonprofit and exempt from Federal income taxes under Section 501(c ) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code, and is not a university, college, accredited degree-granting institution of education, private foundation, hospital, organization established by a major political party in the United States, organization established, funded and audited by the U.S. Congress, organization engaged exclusively in research or scientific activities, church, synagogue, mosque or other similar entity organized primarily for religious purposes, and Conducts, or anticipates conducting, overseas program activities that are consistent with the general purposes of the Foreign Assistance Act and - or Public Law 480 (See 200.4.1).

U.S. Standard General Ledger

The U.S. Standard General Ledger provides a uniform chart of accounts and technical guidance to be used in standardizing Federal agency accounting (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 620).

U.S. Standard General Ledger (Ussgl)

The U.S. Standard General Ledger provides a uniform chart of accounts and technical guidance to be used in standardizing Federal agency accounting (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 620).

Ultimate Customer

(See customer).

Unacceptable Performance

Performance that fails to significantly meet minimum performance standards for one or more critical elements of an employee's performance plan (AEF). For Civil Service employees, the minimum standard is ‘Needs Improvement' (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 489) performance that fails to significantly meet the performance measure established for a work objective (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 462).

Unclassified

Information that has not been determined pursuant to EO 12958 or any predecessor order to require protection against unauthorized disclosure and that is not designated as classified (source: NTISSI 4009). A category of information that includes both Sensitive But Unclassified (SBU) and non-sensitive information and materials which at a minimum must be safeguarded against tampering, destruction, or loss. SBU information and materials must also be afforded additional protections commensurate with the sensitivity level of the data involved (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 545, 552).

Unclassified Automated Information System

An information system that has not been engineered and - or physically located in such a way as to suppress compromising emanations. Such systems are not approved for the general processing of classified national security information (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 562).

Unclassified Information

Information that has not been determined, pursuant to EO 12958 or any predecessor order, to require protection against unauthorized disclosure and that is not designated as classified (source: NTISSI 4009). A category of information that includes both SBU and non-sensitive information and materials which, at a minimum, must be safeguarded against tampering, destruction, or loss. SBU information and materials must also be afforded additional protections commensurate with the sensitivity level of the data involved (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 545, 552).

Unconditional Gifts

Gifts made with no conditions on their use (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 628).

Understudy

An employee selected under merit staffing procedures for the purpose of being trained to assume the duties of a position scheduled to be vacated in a definite period of time, normally one year or less (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 418).

Undue Hardship

An action requiring significant difficulty or expense when considered in light of factors such as the nature and cost of the accommodation requested. The mission of the organization that the accommodation would impact. The structure and composition of the organization, and any pertinent legal or agency precedents.

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