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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Sub-Group Standing

An employee's relative standing on a retention register based on tenure group and veteran preference subgroup. Employees are ranked within each subgroup by years of service which includes performance credit (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 452).

Sub-Loan

A loan from an Intermediate Credit Institution (ICI). To an individual or group (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 316).

Sub-Skills

Definitions within each skill area on the Skills Matrix that describe the expected levels of performance at each grade (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 461).

Subaward

This term means an award of financial assistance in the form of money, or property in lieu of money, made under an award by a recipient to an eligible subrecipient or by a subrecipient to a lower tier subrecipient. The term includes financial assistance when provided by any legal agreement, even if the agreement is called a contract, but does not include procurement of goods and services nor does it include any form of assistance which is excluded from the definition of ‘‘award'' in this section (22 CFR 226.2) (303sai, Profit Under USAID Assistance Instuments, An Additional Help Document for ADS Chapter 303).

Subdomains

A domain often representing an administrative or other organizational subgroup within a second-level domain. For example, egypt.usaid.gov is a subdomain of usaid.gov (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 557).

Subject Files

Relate to standard categories, functions and interests, and consist of general file materials of incoming originals and outgoing copies of letters, memoranda, cables - telegrams, e-mails, faxes, reports and documents involving a wide variety of topics (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 502).

Subject Filing

The process of arranging and filing records according to their general informational content. The purpose is to bring together all papers on the same topic to make it easier to retrieve information when it is needed (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 502).

Subject Invention

Any invention of the contractor, grantee, or recipient of a cooperative agreement conceived or first actually reduced to practice in the performance of work under USAID agreements (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 318).

Subject Line

The Subject line, assigned by the originator, highlights message content. identifies reader interest, and helps to automatically retrieve the telegram. Assign a subject that is concise, but gives clear clues (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 549).

Subject Matter Expert (Sme)

An individual selected to evaluate candidates and establish the candidate's relative merit for promotion to the targeted position. He or she must be competent in the technical areas of the position (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 418).

Subrecipient

Any person or government department, agency, establishment, or nonprofit organization that receives financial assistance to carry out a program through a primary recipient or other subrecipient (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 591). A subrecipient is the legal entity to which a subaward is made and which is accountable to the recipient for the use of the funds provided (22 CFR 226.2) (303sai, Profit Under USAID Assistance Instuments, An Additional Help Document for ADS Chapter 303).

Subsidized Credit

The provision of loans on the basis of interest rates and fees that fail to cover the full long-run costs of providing those loans (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 219).

Subsidy Cost

The cost of a grant of financial aid, usually by a governmental body, to some person or institution for particular purposes. Credit subsidy cost is the estimated long-term cost to the government of direct loans or loan guarantees calculated on a net present value basis, excluding administrative costs. Direct loan subsidy cost is the estimated long-term cost to the government of direct loans calculated on a present value basis, excluding administrative costs. The cost is the present value of estimated net cash outflows at the time the direct loans are disbursed. The discount rate used for the calculation is the average interest rate (yield). on marketable Treasury securities of similar maturity to the loan, applicable to the time when the loans are disbursed. Loan guarantee subsidy cost is the estimated long-term cost to the government of loan guarantees calculated on a present value basis, excluding administrative costs. The cost is the present value of estimated net cash outflows at the time the guaranteed loans are disbursed by the lender. The discount rate used for the calculation is the average interest rate (yield). on marketable Treasury securities of similar maturity to the loan guarantees, applicable to the time when the guaranteed loans are disbursed (OMB Circular No. A-11) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 249, 623).

Subsovereign

Non-sovereign governmental entities such as states, municipalities, local governments and parastatal entities (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 249).

Subsovereign Risk

Risk undertaken by municipalities or parastatal organizations that is not backed by the full faith and credit of a sovereign nation (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 249).

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