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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Qualification Requirements

Education, experience, and other prerequisites to employment or placement in a position. The Office of Personnel Management's Operating Manual for Qualifications Standards for General Schedule Positions or modified Agency standards, is used to determine basic qualifications of applicants for a specific position (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 418).

Qualifications Evaluation Panel (Qep)

Panel appointed by the Board of Examiners to determine whether an applicant meets the statutory and other eligibility requirements, to assess the applicant's skills for the certification of need issued by the prospective employing agency, and to recommend whether the applicant should be examined for possible appointment as a Senior Career Candidate for the SFS Career Candidate Program (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 422).

Qualifications Review Board (Qrb)

A board attached to OPM that certifies the executive qualifications of individuals for initial career appointment to the SES. A majority of QRB members must be career appointees (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 423).

Qualified Candidates

Qualified candidates are those being considered for any competitive placement action who meet all established minimum eligibility and qualification requirements for the position (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 418).

Qualified Individual With A Disability

An individual with a disability who satisfies the requisite skill, experience, education, and other job-related requirements of the position and can perform the essential functions of the position, with or without reasonable accommodation.

Quality

An encompassing term comprising utility, objectivity, and integrity. Therefore, the OMB Guidelines sometimes refer to these four statutory terms, collectively, as quality. (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 578).

Quality Control Review

A review of the working papers supporting an audit report prepared by non-Federal auditors to ensure that the work complies with auditing standards approved by the Comptroller General of the United States (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 590, 591).

Quality Increase

See CFR Sec. 531.412 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 471).

Quality Ranking Factors

Quality ranking factors are knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) identified on the vacancy announcement for the positions to be filled, that could be expected to significantly enhance performance in a position, but unlike selective factors, are not essential for satisfactory performance (For example, skill in public speaking might be used as a quality-ranking factor for a position in an organization where policy changes are communicated to the public in several ways and oral communication is one of the ways) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 418).

Quantitative Unit Of Cargo

The total tonnage of a commodity or commodities included in one invitation for bids or other solicitation of offers from ocean carriers for the transportation of cargo which may move in full shipload lots (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 315).

Quarters Allowances

See STR 100. 3 FAM 3230 (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 477).

Questioned Costs

Costs determined to be potentially unallowable. It includes ineligible costs (violation of a law, regulation, contract, grant, cooperative agreement, etc or an unnecessary or unreasonable expenditure of funds) and unsupported costs (those not supported by adequate documentation at the time of the audit) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 591, 595).

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