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Glossary of Terms Used for USAID's Automated Directives System (ADS) - Updated 07/15/2011 Partial Revision

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Term Definition
Backstop

Numeric code used to identify the skill category of a particular position (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 415).

Baggage

Official and personal property needed by the traveler for use en route or immediately upon arrival at destination (6 FAM-111.3) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 522, 523, 524, and 525).

Balance Of Payments Support

Resource flows in Development Assistance Committee (DAC) statistics are measured, as a rule, on a cash basis (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 221).

Ballistic Resistance

The capacity of security barriers to defeat a variety of handgun, shotgun and rifle rounds (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 562, 563).

Bandwidth

A channelized frequency-modulation technique used for two-way mobile radios. Currently there are two standards being used, 12.5 Khz and 25 Khz bandwidth. Bandwidth can also mean a range within a band of wavelengths, frequencies or energy (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 564).

Bank Letter Of Commitment

A USAID agreement with a U. S. bank under which USAID guarantees to reimburse the bank for the account of an approved applicant for all amounts paid by the bank and chargeable to the account under the instructions of the approved applicant and in accordance with general and specific conditions established by USAID (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 630).

Bank Letter Of Credit

An instrument of credit extended by a bank to a beneficiary guaranteeing payments to the beneficiary upon compliance with the terms and conditions established by the letter of credit (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 630).

Bankruptcy

Is a legal procedure for dealing with debt problems of individuals and businesses. specifically, a court case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code (Bankruptcy Code) (TFM - DMS Managing Federal Receivables) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 625).

Base Station

A fixed radio which may include a separate power supply and is not normally intended for portable use (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 562).

Base Year

The fiscal year in which a life cycle cost analysis is conducted (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 528).

Baseline

(See Performance Baseline) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapters 200-203).

Basic Qualification Standards

The standards, prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management (USOPM) in the Operating Manual for Qualifications Standards for General Schedule Positions, used to determine basic qualifications of applicants for a specific position (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 418).

Basic Work Requirement

The number of hours, excluding overtime hours, an employee is required to work or account for periods of absence by charging leave, holiday hours, excused absence, compensatory time, or leave without pay. A full-time employee must work 80 hours during a biweekly pay period (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 479).

Basic Workweek

The 40-hour workweek established for full-time employees within each administrative workweek (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 479).

Benchmark

A structured approach for identifying the best practices from industry and government, and comparing and adapting them to an organization's operations. Such an approach is aimed at identifying more efficient and effective processes for achieving intended results based on outstanding practices of other organizations (See the GAO Executive Guide, Information Technology Investment Management: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Process Maturity, GAO-04-394G, March 2004, and the Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 sec. 5123(4) for more information) (USAID Automated Directives System - ADS - Chapter 577).

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