Audit of USAID/Ghana’s Malaria Program.
Fiscal Year: 2011
In 2005, the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) was announced, and Ghana was selected as one of the 15 focus countries in a 5-year, $1.2 billion initiative to rapidly scale-up malaria prevention and treatment interventions in high-burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa.18 PMI is led by USAID and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Malaria is transmitted throughout Ghana, and the entire population is at risk.
According to the Ghana Health Service, malaria is the primary cause of morbidity, accounting for about 38 percent of all outpatient illnesses, 36 percent of all hospital admissions, and 33 percent of all deaths in children under age 5. Between 3.1 million and 3.5 million cases of clinical malaria are reported in public health facilities each year, of which 900,000 cases are in children under age 5.
Under the 2008 Lantos-Hyde Act, eight countries (including Ghana) were added to PMI, and as of FY 2010 there were 32 “operating units” countries and groups of countries (like the Central Asian Republics) covered under the initiative. PMI funding began with $30 million in FY 2006, and then increased to $135 million in FY 2007 and $300 million in FY 2008 and FY 2009. Funding is expected to reach $500 million by FY 2010.
This audit will determine whether USAID/Ghana has prevented malaria and provided treatment interventions through the purchase and distribution of insecticide-treated nets, indoor residual spraying campaigns, intermittent preventive treatment in pregnant women, and case management and other monitoring and evaluation plans.
Source: Office of Inspector General - ANNUAL PLAN - FISCAL YEAR 2011
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