Audit of USAID/West Bank and Gaza’s Water Activities
Country: Palestinian Territory
Fiscal Year: 2009
Audit Report Available: No
USAID has been the lead donor in the West Bank and Gaza’s water and sanitation sector since the Oslo Accords of 1993.9 USAID/West Bank and Gaza has managed more than $1.7 billion in economic development and humanitarian assistance programs for more than 3 million Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza. USAID’s social, economic, and infrastructural investments promote the conditions necessary for achieving a viable, democratic state for the Palestinians. In turn, a stable Palestinian state will contribute to regional and Israeli security. Water shortages have historically been one of the key factors leading to Palestinians’ livelihood insecurity and contributing to the Middle East conflict.
After the radical Islamic movement Hamas won a strong majority in the Palestinian Parliament in the 2006 election, the mission was directed to shut down its major water and infrastructure projects. (Some of these activities have since been reactivated because of the change in the political dynamic.) USAID/West Bank and Gaza 9 Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements, signed September 13, 1993, in Washington, DC, by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization pursued an orderly closeout of some activities that had been suspended.
Under a constrained operational context during the first three quarters of FY 2007, USAID/West Bank and Gaza provided water and sanitation services to an estimated 1.5 million Palestinians. Activities included replacing damaged or deteriorated water and sanitation networks, providing water in tanks to remote communities, and constructing rainwater collection cisterns. Although some of the planned funding for water activities includes infrastructure improvements valued at about $10 million per year, future funding is uncertain for these projects.
This audit will (1) examine the status of USAID/West Bank and Gaza’s water supply and sanitation programs, (2) determine whether they achieved intended results, and (3) assess the programs’ impact.
Source: Office of Inspector General ANNUAL PLAN FISCAL YEAR 2009
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